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How to Create Cron Job Task Scheduling in Laravel?

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Welcome guys, In this article Here, we will know how to create a Cron Job in laravel. Making a Cron Job in Laravel is simple and easy. if you have question about laravel Cron Job then i will give simple example with solution.

What is the cron job?

A cron job is a Linux command used for scheduling tasks to be executed sometime in the future. This is normally used to schedule a job that is executed periodically – for example, to send out a notice every morning.

Step 1: Building a New Application

You can ignore this step if you already have an application downloaded or else, run the following command to create a brand new laravel project.

composer create-project laravel/laravel laravel-cron-job --prefer-dist

After downloaded new application or already installed then moved our application directory run the following command or using your own method 

cd laravel-cron-job

Step 2: Configure Database Connection

In this type of project, we must give precedence to the database connection, generically it should be configured before getting started. Incorporate the following code in .env file with your database details.

DB_CONNECTION=mysqlDB_HOST=127.0.0.1DB_PORT=3306DB_DATABASE=laravelDB_USERNAME=rootDB_PASSWORD=

Step 3: Create New Laravel Artisan Command

To create a new artisan laravel command use the "php artisan make:command TestingCron" artisan command, this command gives precedence to generate spontaneous class architecture to get along with. this application

php artisan make:command TestingCron --command=testing:cron

After execution success this make: console command, we have formulated a new artisan command, and you can see the conjugated code in TestingCron.php file inside the app/Console/Commands folder.

<?phpnamespace App\Console\Commands;use Illuminate\Console\Command;
class TestingCron extends Command{
 /**
 * The name and signature of the console command.
 *
 * @var string
 */
 protected $signature = 'testing:cron';
 /**
 * The console command description.
 *
 * @var string
 */
 protected $description = 'Command description';
 /**
 * Create a new command instance.
 *
 * @return void
 */
 public function __construct()
 {
 parent::__construct();
 }
 /**
 * Execute the console command.
 *
 * @return int
 */
 public function handle()
 {
 return Command::SUCCESS;
 }}

Step 4: Now make some changes on Command file. After created a new command.

<?phpnamespace App\Console\Commands;
use Illuminate\Console\Command;
class TestingCron extends Command{
 /**
 * The name and signature of the console command.
 *
 * @var string
 */
 protected $signature = 'testing:cron';
 /**
 * The console command description.
 *
 * @var string
 */
 protected $description = 'This command using for tetsing only !';
 /**
 * Execute the console command.
 *
 * @return int
 */
 public function handle()
 { 
/*
 Write your database logic and emails notification send or etc and database backup also 
 */
 \Log::info("Testing Cron is working fine!");
 return Command::SUCCESS;
 }}

Step 5: Register Task Scheduler Command

In this step, we completed all the required tasks to develop a Task Scheduler task. Now, It’s time to register the newly created Task Scheduler class in laravel application. Open app/Console/Kernel.php file and place the following code inside of it.

<?phpnamespace App\Console;
use Illuminate\Console\Scheduling\Schedule;use Illuminate\Foundation\Console\Kernel as ConsoleKernel;
class Kernel extends ConsoleKernel{ 
 /**
 * The Artisan commands provided by your application.
 *
 * @var array
 */
 protected $commands = [
 Commands\TestingCron::class,
 ];
 /**
 * Define the application's command schedule.
 *
 * @param \Illuminate\Console\Scheduling\Schedule $schedule
 * @return void
 */
 protected function schedule(Schedule $schedule)
 {
 $schedule->command('testing:cron')->daily();
 }
 /**
 * Register the commands for the application.
 *
 * @return void
 */
 protected function commands()
 {
 $this->load(__DIR__.'/Commands');
 require base_path('routes/console.php');
 }}

Our command is ready for run. so lets start and schedule a email or db operation

Step 6: Run Laravel Scheduler

php artisan schedule:run

Output:

2023-04-11 16:58:38 Running ["artisan" testing:cron] ..................................... 1,169ms DONE 
 ⇂ "D:\xampp\php\php.exe" "artisan" testing:cron > "NUL" 2>&1

Handle Task Scheduler in Laravel

If you have gone through the entire tutorial respectively, then you must know how we defined the frequency of sending a mail daily using the task scheduling method.

->everyMinute();Run the task every minute
->everyFiveMinutes();Run the task every five minutes
->everyTenMinutes();Run the task every ten minutes
->everyFifteenMinutes();Run the task every fifteen minutes
->everyThirtyMinutes();Run the task every thirty minutes
->hourly();Run the task every hour
->hourlyAt(17);Run the task every hour at 17 mins past the hour
->daily();Run the task every day at midnight
->dailyAt(’13:00′);Run the task every day at 13:00
->twiceDaily(1, 13);Run the task daily at 1:00 & 13:00
->weekly();Run the task every week
->weeklyOn(1, ‘8:00’);Run the task every week on Tuesday at 8:00
->monthly();Run the task every month
->monthlyOn(4, ’15:00′);Run the task every month on the 4th at 15:00
->quarterly();Run the task every quarter
->yearly(); Run the task every year
->timezone(‘America/New_York’);Set the timezone
* * * * * php /path/to/artisan schedule:run 1>> /dev/null 2>&1OR* * * * * cd /project-path && php artisan schedule:run >> /dev/null 2>&1
OR Set On cpanel 
* * * * * cd /home2/stackover/public_html/ && php artisan schedule:run >> /dev/null 2>&1
cron console
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